Lightning Precaution
Lightning Safety Tips
1) Seek shelter
If you can hear thunder or see lightning, it is advisable to run for shelter. Do not wait for the rain to start before taking action, as lightning strikes can occur even before rainfall begins.
2) Type of shelter

Take shelter inside a large, sturdy building made from steel reinforced concrete (for example a shop or a house),Inside a metal vehicle (such as a bus, van or car) or under a large structure (for example, a bridge). Do not loiter outside a large building to avoid being struck by debris from lightning damage. If you are caught outdoors because there is no proper shelter near by then follow steps 3 to 7.

3) Do not

Do not seek shelter under a tall, isolated tree – lightning often strikes the highest object on the ground. If you have no choice stay under a clump of small trees, preferably in a valley.

4) Height matters

Don’t be the tallest object in an open area (such as a field or the sea). Get down into a lightning defensive position, i.e. squat (but don’t sit) with your feet TOGETHER and cover your ears. Do not lie down. If it rains, get yourself wet because water in your clothes helps to reduce serious injuries if you are struck the current flows over you instead of inside you.

5) Common sense

Stay away from isolated tall poles and telecommunications towers. Although you won’t be hit directly when lightning strikes tall objects, the current will travel through the ground to you.

6) Proper protection

Do not think that a tent, small shed, rotunda or roadside food stall is safe. Most small shelters are not fitted with proper lightning protection systems. Similarly, never use an umbrella – it just makes you a higher target for lightning.

7) Alternative shelter

If you can’t find a proper shelter nearby, get down from higher ground (such as mounds, hills or platforms). Get into any depression in the ground or into a dry drain.

8) Remember

Do not touch any metallic object, such as electrical equipment or wiring. If you really must use your laptop, disconnect the wires and run it on batteries and wireless internet. If you need to make a call, use a mobile phone. Do not use the (fixed line) telephone unless it is really urgent.

9) Lastly

Keep away from the balcony, verandah, doorway, window, wall or pillar as lightning can strike through open spaces. Do not take a bath or use the sink during a thunderstorm. Water pipes conduct electricity.

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Even if you do get into a building, you still have to follow these – safety steps:

It is recommended to remain inside your shelter for 30 minutes after hearing the last clap of thunder. Lightning has the potential to strike up to 15km away from the thundercloud, which means that even after the rain has stopped, there is still a risk.

When Thunder Roars, Go Indoors!

Lightning Safety Protection

When it comes to lightning safety protection, it is essential to have a comprehensive plan in place to safeguard people and property. Elaborating on lightning safety protection involves considering various aspects, including prevention, mitigation, and response.

Here are some key steps to help you develop a detailed lightning safety protection plan:

1) Risk Assessment:
Begin by assessing the level of risk posed by lightning strikes in your area. Factors such as geographical location, local climate, and building structures can influence the risk. Consult historical lightning strike data and consider engaging a professional lightning protection specialist for a thorough evaluation.
2) Lightning Protection System (LPS):
Install a certified lightning protection system for structures that require protection. An LPS typically includes lightning rods (air terminals) strategically placed on the highest points of buildings, conductors to carry the lightning current safely to the ground, and grounding systems to disperse the current harmlessly into the earth.
3) Surge Protection:
Lightning strikes can induce power surges that may damage electrical equipment and cause fires. Install surge protection devices (SPDs) at critical points in your electrical system, including main electrical panels, communication systems, and sensitive equipment. SPDs divert excess electrical energy to the ground and protect against voltage spikes.
4) Grounding and Bonding:
Ensure that your electrical system is properly grounded and bonded. This involves connecting electrical equipment and structures to the grounding system, allowing lightning current to safely dissipate into the ground. Adequate grounding and bonding minimize the risk of electrical shock and potential damage.
5) Outdoor Safety:
Educate individuals about outdoor lightning safety. Encourage them to seek shelter indoors or in substantial structures when thunderstorms approach. Discourage outdoor activities during lightning storms and implement policies to halt or postpone such activities if lightning is detected within a certain range.
6) Communication and Warning Systems:
Implement a reliable communication system to disseminate lightning warnings and safety protocols. This could include lightning detection sensors, sirens, intercom systems, or mobile alerts. Ensure that all personnel and visitors are aware of the warning signals and understand the necessary safety measures.
7) Training and Education:
Conduct regular training sessions to educate employees, residents, and visitors about lightning safety. Teach them how to recognize the signs of an approaching storm, the safest locations during a thunderstorm, and the importance of following lightning safety protocols.
8) Emergency Response Plan: ing Systems:
Develop an emergency response plan specifically addressing lightning-related incidents. Outline procedures for handling injuries, evacuations, and potential fires caused by lightning strikes. Assign responsibilities to designated personnel and conduct drills periodically to ensure preparedness.
9) Maintenance and Inspection:
Regularly inspect and maintain lightning protection systems, surge protection devices, grounding systems, and other safety equipment. Follow the manufacturer's guidelines and consult with professionals to ensure these systems remain in good working condition.
10) Stay Informed:
Stay updated on the latest advancements in lightning safety technologies and practices. Participate in lightning safety workshops, seminars, or conferences to gain insights from experts and stay current with best practices.

Remember, lightning safety protection is a multifaceted approach that requires a combination of preventive measures, adequate infrastructure, and well-informed individuals.

By implementing these steps and continually evaluating and improving your lightning safety plan, you can significantly reduce the risks associated with lightning strikes.

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ENPRO is a pure Malaysian company operate nationwide group founded in 2012 to promote lightning safety, protection and education for electrical consultancy.